Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship
Once you have lived in Canada for a while and have become a Canadian Citizen or permanent resident you may want to bring your parents and grandparents to Canada. There are many good reasons to do that! If they live close, you can share together all the wonderful family moments, feel their support, offer them support and care, have them help you with your kids. Multiple studies have shown that having support from the close family members, on average achieve better results in finding better jobs and overall well being.
But with great emotional value comes big responsibility. When an individual sponsors his or her parents and grandparents to become permanent residents of Canada, he or she must:
- meet certain income requirements (The minimum income requirement is calculated as the Low Income Cut-offs (LICOs) plus 30%, taking with consideration of the number of family members for whom he or she will be responsible.
- support that person(s) financially i.e. they will not be entitled to any government financial assistance, and are not entitled to retirement pension plan for the period of 20 years, starting from the date they become permanent residents
Both the sponsor and the sponsored relative will be required to sign a sponsorship agreement that:
- makes the sponsor responsible for financial support for the sponsored relative(s)
- for a period of three to 20 years
- depending on their age and relationship to you
- beginning on the date they become a permanent resident
- clearly establishes that the persons becoming permanent residents will make every effort to support themselves by finding employment
Dependent children under age 19 are exempt from signing the agreement.
Changes of 2018-2019
The Canadian public criticized this program a lot, because, in fact, this program did not satisfy all candidates due to a limited number of spots for each year, and also because candidates were selected through a lottery conducted by immigration officials. Moreover, experts in cybersecurity have repeatedly stated the vulnerability of the lottery system, making it possible to manipulate the results very likely.
The results of the lottery of 2018 revealed another significant problem. As reported in the IRCC, a significant part of the applications did not meet the necessary criteria, in the result of which, the second round of selection became necessary. To respond the public criticism, the government decided to increase the annual quota for 2018 to 17,000 applications, and on August 20, 2018, announced the cancellation of the lottery and the increase in the annual quota to 20,000 applications in 2019, and to 21,000 in 2020. According to the Minister of Immigration, Ahmed Hussein, instead of randomly selecting applications, the government will select those who submitted their application first and met all the criteria.
Before application, you must be certain that your parents or grandparents will go through the necessary medical exams as well as background and criminal checks.